Castro's Revolution

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Struggle for Power
The Transformation


The Castro Revolution

Monument of the revolution and statue of Jose Marti Castro and his soldiers enter the liberated city A march in solidarity of the revolution Fidel speaks to the people A monument to Che Guevara
(click one of the images to see an enlarged view)

Before the Revolution

On March 10,1952 Fulgencio Batista achieved power by force. Batista in 1952 had led a coup d'etat to overthrow the democratically elected government and placed himself as dictator. In 1954 he was again elected president. A young band of students and professional people staged a civil war against Batista. This particular band was led by Fidel Castro.

Conditions for most people in Cuba during the Batista regime were terrible. It was estimated that 600,000 able Cubans were unemployed. Many people did not have electricity. Roughly 3.5 million people (out of 6 million Cubans) lived in huts, shacks, and slums; 95% of children in rural areas were infected by parasites. A system of racial apartheid was in place against blacks and mulattos. The best facilities and land were owned by American companies. Cuban officials extracted millions of dollars from the treasury and deposited them in American or European banks. Between internal corruption and the U.S. economic dominance over Cuba, little was left for the Cuban people.

A young Fidel Castro

A young Fidel Castro

The Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro in the late 1950's overthrew the Fulgencio Batista regime. The revolution created a new government and, therefore, a new Cuban society. When Castro came into power in 1959 he initiated a massive social & economic transformation of Cuba, which went to work at reforming what the revolution saw as the unjust conditions in Cuba.

Next go to Part I: The Struggle for Power.

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